Spiritual Life Church

 "Having God in Your Life Improves the Quality of Your Life" - Rev Daniel Hodlin

 


Pastor
Spiritual Life Church
Rev. Daniel Hodlin  
Ordained Minister

Knowledge For Life

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Ways To make Your Life Better and to be Better Informed
Through our Continuing Education Series

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Reading Your Bible
You will be rewarded beyond imagining!

The Main Religions of the World

HINDUISM
DESCRIPTION: A henotheistic religion,  in  that it recognizes a single deity as well as gods and goddesses as facets or aspects of that supreme god. Hinduism consists of many different religious groups that have evolved in India since 1500 BC.

SCRIPTURE: The Bhagavad Gita, the Rigveda, the Brahmanas, the Sutras and the Aranyakas

FOLLOWERS: Estimates range from 830 million to 1 billion

BRANCHES: Vaishnavites, Shaivites, neo-Hindus and reform Hindus, and Veerashaivas

CHRISTIANITY
DESCRIPTION: Founded by the followers of Jesus of Nazareth in AD 30, adherents believe in an all-powerful God and that Jesus was the son of God sent to live on Earth to spread God's word and die for the sins of mankind.

SCRIPTURE: The Bible

FOLLOWERS: Estimates range from 1.9 billion to more than 2 billion

BRANCHES: Major branches include Protestant, Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox. 

JUDAISM
DESCRIPTION: Developed 13th century BC among the ancient Hebrews, Judaism is characterized by belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses and the Hebrew prophets.

SCRIPTURE: The Tanakh

FOLLOWERS: Estimates range from 13 million to 18 million

BRANCHES: Judaism has many different branches including major ones of Conservative, Reform and Orthodox

ISLAM
DESCRIPTION: A monotheistic religion founded in Arabia in the 7th century AD by the prophet Muhammad. Its practitioners are known as Muslims.

SCRIPTURE: The Koran

FOLLOWERS: Estimates range from 0.7 billion to 1.2 billion

BRANCHES: The major branches include Sunni, Shiite, Sufis and Ahmadiyya

 

BUDDHISM
DESCRIPTION: Established in Northern India in 500 BC, Buddhism grew out of the teaching of Siddhartha Gautuma Buddha that suffering is inherent in life and that one can be liberated from it by moral and mental self-purification.

SCRIPTURE: The Tipitaka

FOLLOWERS: Estimated at more than 330 million

BRANCHES: The largest branches of Buddhism include Mahayana, Theravada and Lamaism

SIKHISM
DESCRIPTION: A monotheistic religion founded in India around 1500 AD by Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, who was born in the Punjab area of what is now Pakistan. Sikhism is marked by rejection of idolatry and the caste system.

SCRIPTURE: The Gurbani

FOLLOWERS: Estimates range from 16 million to more than 20 millio

 A public service message from Spiritual Life Church and the Ad Council
 

Choosing a Bible
There are many different versions of the Holy Bible to choose from.  Some of the more common ones appear in the list below.  Comparing the wording of John 3.5 will give you an idea of the differences between the versions. We encourage people to become familiar with more than one, but most of us have a version we find comfortable and comforting to read.  
 

  New Revised Standard Version – NRSV
Literal English translation. Uses gender-inclusive language.  ( 1990 )
John 3.5:  Jesus answered, “Very truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit.”

  New International Version – NIV
Modern English translation by an international team of Protestant scholars. 
( 1978 )
John 3.5:  Jesus answered, “I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit.”

  King James Version – KJV
Elizabethan English translation.  Poetic literary style of that period.  ( 1611 )
John 3.5:  Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.

  New King James Version – NKJV
Modern, easier to read update of the King James Version.  ( 1982 )
John 3.5:  Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.”

  New International Reader’s Version -- NlrV
Based on the NIV, but uses shorter words and sentences.  ( 1994 )
John 3.5:  Jesus answered, “What I’m about to tell you is true.  No on can enter God’s kingdom without being born through water and the Holy Spirit.”

  New American Standard – NAS
Formal modern-language version of the 1901 American Standard Version.  ( 1971, 1995 )
John 3.5:  Jesus answered,  “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.”

  New Living Translation – NLT
Modern English translation:  “the closest cultural equivalent of the message expressed by the original language text.”  ( 1996 )
John 3.5:  Jesus replied, “The truth is, no one can enter the Kingdom of God without being born of water and the Spirit.

The Doomsday Clock
We bring you this so you may be better informed of the world around you

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists has marked nuclear danger since 1947, when its famous clock first appeared on the cover. Since then, the clock has moved forward and back, reflecting international tensions and the developments of the nuclear age.


1947: Seven minutes to midnight
The clock first appears on the Bulletin cover as a symbol of nuclear danger.

1949: Three minutes to midnight
The Soviet Union explodes its first atomic bomb.

1953: Two minutes to midnight
The United States successfully tests a hydrogen bomb in late 1952--and the Soviet Union quickly follows suit.

1963: Twelve minutes to midnight
The United States and Soviet Union sign the Partial Test Ban Treaty, "the first tangible confirmation...that a new cohesive force has entered the interplay of forces shaping the fate of mankind."

1968: Seven minutes to midnight
France and China acquire nuclear weapons; wars rage in the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, and Vietnam; world military spending increases while development funds shrink.

1969: Ten minutes to midnight
The U.S. Senate ratifies the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

1972: Twelve minutes to midnight
The United States and the Soviet Union sign the first Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty; progress toward SALT II is anticipated.

1974: Nine minutes to midnight
SALT talks reach an impasse; India develops a nuclear weapon. "We find policymakers on both sides increasingly ensnared, frustrated, and neutralized by domestic forces having a vested interest in the amassing of strategic forces."

1980: Seven minutes to midnight
The deadlock in U.S.-Soviet arms talks continues; nationalistic wars and terrorist actions increase; the rift between rich and poor nations grows wider.

1981: Four minutes to midnight
Both superpowers develop more weapons for fighting a nuclear war. Terrorist actions, repression of human rights, conflicts in Afghanistan, Poland, South Africa add to world tension.

1984: Three minutes to midnight
The arms race accelerates. "The blunt simplicities of force threaten to displace any other form of discourse between the superpowers."

1988: Six minutes to midnight
The United States and the Soviet Union sign a treaty to eliminate intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF); superpower relations improve; more nations actively oppose nuclear weapons.

1990: Ten minutes to midnight
(In October 1989, the clock is redesigned to expand the definition of world security.) Democratic movements in Eastern Europe shatter the myth of monolithic communism; the Cold War ends.

1991: Seventeen minutes to midnight
The United States and the Soviet Union sign the long-stalled Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) and announce further unilateral cuts in tactical and strategic nuclear weapons.

1995: Fourteen minutes to midnight
Both the United States and Russia still have not implemented START II, nor have they ratified the chemical and biological weapons conventions; worldwide arms trade continues to boom; more than a thousand tons of weapons-grade uranium and plutonium is stockpiled, much of it under inadequate security. "In the past four years, it has become clear that opportunities have been missed, open doors closed."

1998: Nine minutes to midnight
In May, India and Pakistan each test a series of nuclear devices, adding two more states to the list of declared nuclear powers. But the clock move is also made to dramatize the failure of world diplomacy in the nuclear sphere; the increased danger that the nonproliferation regime might ultimately collapse; and the fact that deep reductions in the numbers of nuclear weapons, which seemed possible at the start of the decade, have not been realized.

2002: Seven minutes to midnight
Little progress is made on global nuclear disarmament. The United States rejects a series of arms control treaties and announces it will withdraw from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. Terrorists seek to acquire and use nuclear and biological weapons.

2007: Five minutes to midnight
The world stands at the brink of a second nuclear age. The United States and Russia remain ready to stage a nuclear attack within minutes, North Korea conducts a nuclear test, and many in the international community worry that Iran plans to acquire the Bomb. Climate change also presents a dire challenge to humanity. Damage to ecosystems is already taking place; flooding, destructive storms, increased drought, and polar ice melt are causing loss of life and property.

2010: Six minutes to midnight
"We are poised to bend the arc of history toward a world free of nuclear weapons" is the Bulletin's Assessment. Talks between Washington and Moscow for a follow-on agreement to the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty are nearly complete, and more negotiations for further reductions in the U.S. and Russian nuclear arsenal are already planned. The dangers posed by climate change are growing, but there are pockets of progress. Most notably, at Copenhagen, the developing and industrialized countries agree to take responsibility for carbon emissions and to limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius.

2012: Five minutes to midnight
"The challenges to rid the world of nuclear weapons, harness nuclear power, and meet the nearly inexorable climate disruptions from global warming are complex and interconnected. In the face of such complex problems, it is difficult to see where the capacity lies to address these challenges.” Political processes seem wholly inadequate; the potential for nuclear weapons use in regional conflicts in the Middle East, Northeast Asia, and South Asia are alarming; safer nuclear reactor designs need to be developed and built, and more stringent oversight, training, and attention are needed to prevent future disasters; the pace of technological solutions to address climate change may not be adequate to meet the hardships that large-scale disruption of the climate portends.

For more info go to The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

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